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The European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) produces globally-applicable standards for Information and Communications Technologies (ICT), including fixed, mobile, radio, converged, broadcast and internet technologies.

ETSI is officially recognized by the European Union as a European Standards Organization


Within the European Telecommunications Standards Institute ETSI a special committee has been formed: Emergency Telecommunications (EMTEL) which addresses a broad spectrum of aspects related to the provisioning of telecommunications services in emergency situations. The following standards have been developed in EMTEL for PWS:

- ETSI TS 102 182, Requirements for communications from authorities/organizations to individuals, groups or the general public during emergencies

- ETSI TS 102 900, EU-Alert using the Cell Broadcast Service

- ETSI TR 102 850, Analyses of Mobile Device Functionality for PWS

- ETSI TR 103 582, Study of use cases and communications involving IoT devices in provision of emergency situations


One2many currently provides the vice-chair of EMTEL and is the technical editor (rapporteur) of the first three
specifications in the above list.

ATIS develops standards and solutions addressing a wide range of industry issues in a manner that allocates and coordinates industry resources and produces the greatest return for communications companies in the North American region.

ATIS is accredited by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI).


ATIS WTSC (Wireless Technologies and Systems Committee) has developed standards, based upon Reports and Orders issued by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in regards to the Commercial Mobile Alert System (CMAS). To the general public CMAS is now known as “Wireless Emergency Alerts” (or WEA).


- ATIS 0700006.v003, WEA 3.0 via GSM/UMTS Cell Broadcast Service Specification

- ATIS 0700008.v002, CBE-to-CBC Interface Specification (note: does not apply to WEA 3.0)

- ATIS 0700010.v003, WEA 3.0 via EPS Public Warning System Specification

- ATIS 0700025.v002, WEA International Roaming Specification

- ATIS 0700036.v002, WEA 3.0 Mobile Device Behavior (MDB) Specification

- ATIS 0700037.v002, WEA 3.0 Federal Alert Gateway to CMSP Gateway Interface Specification

- ATIS 0700038.v002, WEA 3.0 Federal Alert Gateway to CMSP Gateway Interface Test Specification

- ATIS-0700041, WEA 3.0 Device-Based Geo-Fencing

- ATIS-0700043, WEA 3.0 via 5G Public Warning System Specification

One2many is the technical editor of 5 standards in the above list.

Standards organizations, such as ETSI and ATIS, and others in Japan, Korea, etc. have formed a partnership programme to jointly develop global standards: 3GPP (Third Generation Partnership Programme). The following standards have been developed in 3GPP for PWS:

- 3GPP TR 22 968, Study for requirements for a PWS service

- 3GPP TS 22 268, PWS Requirements

- 3GPP TS 23 041, Technical realization of Cell Broadcast Service (CBS)

- 3GPP TS 48 049, Base Station Controller - Cell Broadcast Centre (BSC-CBC) interface specification

- 3GPP TS 25 419, UTRAN Iu-BC Interface: Service Area Broadcast Protocol

- 3GPP TS 29 168, Cell Broadcast Centre interfaces with the Evolved Packet Core

- 3GPP TS 29.518, 5G System; Access and Mobility Management Services



EENA, the European Emergency Number Association, is dedicated to promoting high-quality emergency services reached by the number 112 throughout the EU. EENA serves as a discussion platform for emergency services, public authorities, decision makers, associations and solution providers in view of improving emergency response in accordance with citizens' requirements. EENA is also promoting the establishment of an efficient system for alerting citizens about imminent or developing emergencies, based on the European Electronics Communication Code.

EENA has published documents on Public Warning:

- Emergency Communications and the EU Legislative Framework

- Public Warning Systems


5G-Xcast is a 5GPPP Phase II project focused on Broadcast and Multicast Communication Enablers for 5G.

The project developed broadcast and multicast capabilities for the standalone 5G New Radio and 5G Core Network, including carrying multimedia messages for Public Warning, the result of which would seve as contribution to standards work in 3GPP. Unfortuntely, only after the 5G-Xcast project finished 3GPP started working on a feasibility study for multicast-broadcast in 3GPP release-17.

The key objective of FUDGE-5G is too devise, assess and demonstrate a conceptually novel and forward-
looking cloud-native, unified, and secured service-based 5G architecture, solutions and systems for private
networks. FUDGE-5G will allow for extreme interoperability and customization for industry verticals among
wired and wireless access infrastructure (“all-Ethernet” 5GLAN with 5G-Multicast and 5G-TSN support),
eSBA platform, mobile 5GC, service orchestration and vertical applications.